Mystery Sea Raider

Enigma of the S.S. Apache, hired off “the mudflats of the Hudson” in hard times by the Nazis of Greater Germany for service in the Caribbean as a prison ship and pirate vessel under the Danish flag, skipper and crew sequestered below.

Cp. Seas Beneath (dir. John Ford) and They Dare Not Love (dir. James Whale), later there is Mystery Submarine (dir. Douglas Sirk).

TV Guide, “standard melodrama-intrigue film”.


The Devil Commands

Discovery of brainwaves and the electroencephalogram “as if a magic lantern threw the nerves in patterns on a screen.” Following on this, “controlled and scientific communication between the living and the so-called dead,” the comparison is to radio, the spirit medium whose brain is eléctrico might serve as an aerial.

“If you can do what you’re trying to do, you’ll own the world.”

Thus speaks the fraud, whose victim is a dull-witted laboratory assistant anxious to hear from his late mother on a weekly basis, puppet-apparition and all. Medium and dupe together just educe the dead wife’s brainwave, too much for the clod, his canny exploiter persuades the scientist mad with grief to pursue his researches on the lam, as it were, at a house above the New England seacoast.

Filmed after the fall of France, released early in 1941. Don Siegel takes up the motif after the war in Night Unto Night.

T.M.P. of the New York Times found nothing in these poetic themes from Robert Browning and T.S. Eliot, “a hodgepodge of scientific claptrap,” too much for the clod. Same with Tom Milne (Time Out), “Dmytryk injects what style he can”. Leonard Maltin, “improbable but intriguing... predictable... absurd”.

The daughter narrates. “My father never hurt a living person in Barsham Harbor. Never.” The sheriff takes a professional interest, “ordinarily I don’t pay much attention to what people say, I figure they’ve got to talk about something,” cp. Doctor Blood’s Coffin (dir. Sidney J. Furie) or The Plague of the Zombies (dir. John Gilling).

“My father had become a very strange man.” De Chirico masks for the grand séance, Lang’s Metropolis, the vortex of Quatermass and the Pit (dir. Roy Ward Baker), a mechanical voice calls the scientist’s name, death of the spirit medium, reconcilement with the daughter.

Milne praises Karloff as “reliable” and arrogates this to Hitchcock’s Rebecca. No mention of Anne Revere and the rest of the cast.

Down at the little post office, a vengeful mob sets out, led by the late housekeeper’s husband.

The daughter in the mask, séance da capo, this time clear as a bell, the voice, destruction and death...

Hal Erickson (Rovi), “cheap but lively”. TV Guide, “not entirely successful.” Halliwell’s Film Guide, “modestly effective”.


Confessions of Boston Blackie

The faux Augustus, plaster saint, bears within the murderer first, and then his victim, who is the fabricator of the lie.

Thus Dmytryk in 1941, a simple case of art forgery. “Well, it was so beautiful I can’t tell it from the original, so I feel that I saved the ten thousand.”

Leonard Maltin, “delightful”. Hal Erickson (Rovi), “superior series entry.”

Without a doubt, “the only emperor is the emperor of ice-cream.” Blackie, who incredibly misses hitting the assassin “by that much”, is charged with murder even in the absence of a corpus delicti, so to speak.

A thing of beauty...

Mona’s badger game in Blackie’s apartment follows Mr. Kane’s Rosebud rage by a factor of May-December.

Inspector Farraday Gets His Man  ---  NEARLY

Back at the hideout, De Chirico. “You’ve got a little Gestapo in you.”

That’s why you’re not on the pistol team.”

“A million dollars’ worth of brains on a dead end street.”

“You’ve got more signals here than a World Series pitcher.”


Hitler’s Children

“For Hitler we will live,” they sing, “and for Hitler we will die,” the Hitlerjugend.

“The sun that shines for us is Adolf Hitler,” says the swearer-in. German boys repeat this rubbish.

“My Savior! My Führer!”

Side by side in Berlin, 1933, the American Colony School and the Horst Wessel Schule (Bonita Granville and Tim Holt are students in the one and the other respectively).

“You shouldn’t be seen over here, what would Dr. Schmidt say, and dear Mr. Schicklgruber?”

A nimble account of “A Dissertation upon Roast Pig”.

Goethe, “and those who live for their faith shall behold it living.”

The Jungvolk, bound and gagged for it. From here it’s straight on for Rod Serling’s The Twilight Zone.

“You are barbarians, aren’t you, even the Rhodes Scholars among you.”

Bosley Crowther of the New York Times, “muffs completely a fine opportunity”.

Variety, “forcefully brought to the screen”.

The Catholic News Service Media Review Office, “simple but effective”.

Leonard Maltin, “engrossing exploitation film... quite sensational”.

TV Guide, “far from an evenhanded depiction”.

Halliwell’s Film Guide, “artificial melodrama”, citing Howard Barnes of the New York Herald Tribune, “a curiously compromised production”.

The ending is a fine homage to Curtiz’ Casablanca.


Captive Wild Woman

Monkey nuts in reverse turn a gorilla into a beautiful girl with charms to soothe the savage breast, a great boon to an animal trainer filling in for Clyde Beatty at John Whipple’s Circus.

An innocent girl must be drained for this, and a smart dame gives up her brain.

Beatty himself is seen in the cage, wielding a chair and whip and revolver.

By mistake, the ape is killed after saving the trainer’s life. A similar erroneous notion led T.M.P. of the New York Times to pronounce the film “in decidedly bad taste.”

Jonathan Rosenbaum’s Chicago Reader blurb inaccurately describes the plot.


Behind the Rising Sun

The true nuttiness of Japan’s dream of world conquest is quite vividly seen (cf. Santell’s Jack London), Dmytryk takes some considerable time with it, to let the horrors bathe his film fully and then, only then, the true position, and by then of course it is too late for Japan.

In the middle of the war, the war in Tokyo.

A great masterpiece not quite seen as such by T.S. of the New York Times (“an honest and effective film”).

“A good drama of inside info” (Variety).

Halliwell’s Film Guide has “outrageous wartime flagwaver”.


Tender Comrade

Dalton Trumbo’s tale of the home front girls who worked in the war plants. Almost unbearably affecting and insanely maligned.

Trumbo represents himself as Jones (Robert Ryan), who wants to take his wife (Ginger Rogers) back to Shale City, Colorado after the war.

The girls share a house for economy’s sake a short walk from USC, where Trumbo attended classes.



Murder, My Sweet

Dmytryk, between Huston and Hawks.

The irresistible rise of a showgirl from Florian’s on Central Avenue to a vast manse in Brentwood.

She’s blackmailed by a fashionable quack on Sunset, who dies.

Other people die to make her comfortable.

Marlowe gets sucked in on the original missing-persons call.

Philip Marlowe, perched just above the city.

Hitchcock takes note of the hypo-induced dream sequence.

Welles has been cited as an influence (Citizen Kane).


Back to Bataan

Its clear, plain sailing of form consists in historical fact. The fall of the Philippines, guerilla fighting under the Japanese occupation, the return at Leyte.

But purely formal difficulties are present, as the reviews attest, in the construction of the film as very small scenes fitted together in fragments to give a prismatic feeling of the events and permit tremendous scope and range in what has been taken for a modest battle pic since the day Bosley Crowther first saw it and titled his review, “More heroics”.

The death march is just stumbled on when the guerilla party miss the significance of the school principal’s execution. The schoolteacher’s imperious command of history gives way before a student’s object lesson.

Back to Bataan was up to the minute and far ahead of its time. The difficulty of rendering Axis warmakers had been addressed face-on by Riefenstahl, the charge of racism is absurd, Dmytryk has the best actors in Hollywood for his Japs. On the other hand, his patriotism is that of Cummings’ Olaf, who “will not kiss your flag”.



It begins in London, moves to the coast of France, then Marseilles, Berne and Buenos Aires (Hotel Regent, Bar Fortuna). None of these places is very real, tantalizingly so. An Argentinean subway car marked Florida comes into view, briefly, and a night exterior of shops along a street is an approximation. Composition doesn’t govern the shots (and in this it curiously anticipates Pollack’s Jeremiah Johnson), it can’t be called a film noir even though it directly figures in Reed’s The Third Man and Maté’s D.O.A. quite visibly.

The RCAF demobs a pilot (Dick Powell) shot down and imprisoned, his French wife of twenty days was killed, he pursues the Vichy official (Luther Adler) who betrayed her and who is thought to have died, or rather he intends to go to France and settle her estate but the chains of bureaucracy and misinformation block his way so terribly that he must give no quarter to any thought of accommodation, his persistence and determination shake off every dead end, he meets the man in Buenos Aires.

Composition doesn’t even enter into the plot, the circumstances or the action. There is no well-placed detective story with a hero bobbing and weaving, only the simulacrum of a Fascist group not very far from Hitchcock’s Notorious, and a man who has a pistol and a scar, his bitterness and smoldering impatience are all the surface there is, not even Nina Vale’s enticing skintight black lace is anything more than one element of a turgid nightmare.

“Unreal cities”, and yet the state of mind is pierced by the hot charred remains of a house set afire in the act of burning some documents that must be sought out amidst the blackened beams and ashes.

A Maquis leader, a Swiss insurance company, Walter Slezak as a nefarious tour guide, some Argentinean anti-Fascists, and the Buenos Aires police, also people the landscape.


Till the End of Time

The unattainable achievement at the outset is the whistling down of a Marine corporal at the end of the war to his home in “the growing city of the world”, Los Angeles, with the greatest art Dmytryk attains it precisely. “Well, Cliff, you’re—you’re back! You’re back from the thing!” Which perhaps is where Christian Nyby gets his title. It takes Bergman all of Wild Strawberries to achieve the same result, and then it is only a dream, a sufficient dream to balance the initial nightmare.

It’s the song, of course, from Chopin’s A-flat Polonaise. It’s in the jukebox and on the radio, Leigh Harline orchestrates it (also “There’s No Place Like Home”), the complete works, like Dmytryk’s film. The shakes, “let them look.”

“And if they don’t like it, let them kill themselves.” The dream that ends in nightmare back home, cf. Dieterle’s I’ll Be Seeing You. The sheer waste of time, if nothing else, spent going to war, from a civilian viewpoint.

FDR’s troops. “If Gunny can show me a book that’ll teach a guy how to win a boxing championship with no legs, I’ll read it,” cf. Zinnemann’s The Men. “Live on the beach and swim, and lie on the sand in front of a fire, yes sir, that’s what I’m going to do.” To put it another way, “where do I fit in?”

“You’re the velvet.”

Leonard Maltin, “solid, sympathetic”. TV Guide, “had enough stuff to make it ring the cash registers.”

An extraordinary recapitulation of l’entre-deux-guerres and the war lately ended concludes the film. “If worse comes to worse we’ll raise women, too,” the Swan Club on Western.

Halliwell’s Film Guide, “downbeat”.


So Well Remembered

There was a Kaiser, he had a daughter, that is the cultivated image principally, by an extension of surreal processes they are mill owners in Lancashire, lording it over a slum-ridden town up to 1945, with a twenty-year interregnum that corresponds to the elder Channing’s prison sentence.

Their opponent is a town councillor, alderman and then mayor, who also runs the Browdley and District Guardian.

These are the metaphors, this is the construction. The film is a flashback from the first intuitive victory celebrations in the town to the beginning of the story in 1919.



Who killed the Jews of Europe? It’s a burning question, in 1946. The G.I. Joe who moved too slow, the fellow who went off on a drunk with a B-girl?

The Jew-hater, that’s who, then he kills a witness.

A very complicated position is expressed in a very complicated film, andante furioso, generally likened by critics to Gentleman’s Agreement (dir. Elia Kazan), which really is about anti-Semitism.



FDR’s statue in Grosvenor Square decides the issue, framed by two club conversations on England’s woes and America’s ascendancy, which are the basis of the argument.

With Clouzot’s Quai des Orfèvres, an important source for Columbo.

A deep, yet serene, and very brilliant masterpiece on a theme that carries over into the critical perception, a case of jealousy that prompts a perfect murder, ideal even.

Nino Rota’s score is one of the best, Variety reports that the play folded quickly, it makes a witty, lively screenplay that Dmytryk films with the greatest attention and ease, conscious at every moment of the lightness in his madman and the seriousness outside his purview, which does not include the silly gorgeous wife and her latest, a Yank.


Give Us This Day

Snow and the building racket and the Great Depression.

Dmytryk ahead of Rocco e i suoi fratelli (dir. Luchino Visconti) and Le mani sulla città (dir. Francesco Rosi), on New York, filmed in UK during one of America’s “periods of historic madness.

A great likeness of Gian Maria Volonté in the role, Sam Wanamaker.

Cp. The Stars Look Down, dir. Carol Reed. Perhaps the most arcane influence is on Once Upon a Time in America, dir. Sergio Leone.

Bosley Crowther of the New York Times, “standard hard-luck story, rather heavily composed of stock woes.” Variety, “the expert hand of Edward Dmytryk’s direction ensures faithful atmosphere.” Jonathan Rosenbaum, “in some respects this is Edward Dmytryk’s best film.” Hal Erickson (Rovi), “terminal sanctimony.” Halliwell’s Film Guide, “a very curious enterprise for a British studio,” citing Winnington and Mallett of two minds.



The domineering mistress, wholly unscrupulous and perfectly hypocritical, fetched back from Paris on the promise of an old lover’s advancement, is an adequate image of impressment in 1812, add to that a ship’s anchor of solid gold for the United States raised by private French subscription, so disguised to run the British blockade, and you have the temptation.

Crowther thought it was a joke and himself “the outside observer who, despite Technicolor, is unimpressed,” which he probably meant as another.


The Sniper

A man wronged by some woman in his past (so goes the theory) takes vengeance on the likes of her with a carbine.

Much later there is Dmytryk’s Bluebeard, The Sniper makes a case for psychiatric care early on in such instances, and sure enough there is Siegel’s Dirty Harry to deal with the same mess in the same locale, as predicted.

Crowther (New York Times) thought this was footling and “a dignified excuse”, he looked for “the menace and the understanding of the sex fiend”.

Halliwell thought it was blondes, not brunettes, and says it “seems quite routine now.”

Lt. Frank Kafka and Sgt. Joe Ferris have the case.

This is very touchingly constructed, the aged landlady pampers Asa, her cat, but expects him to do his job like everyone else, catching mice in the basement (Asa watches wide-eyed as the sniper burns evidence in the furnace). The lady supervisor at the job is perfectly hard and belittling, women generally are seen as easily cruel and heartless, if they’re not laughing and in love, even a mother with her son. This of course is the sniper’s view, he burns his right hand on a hot plate to circumvent the temptation, providing the image that is perhaps the most telling (unless it is the painter shot on the side of a factory stack as a witness, or the sniper caressing his carbine), “let my right hand forget her cunning.”

The murders are quite matter-of-fact, death from a distance, shattering glass and dropping the girl at once.

Fleischer in The Boston Strangler has again the roundup of perverts that is a dead end, the police psychiatrist puts the detectives on a more direct trail that leads to the sniper seated on his bed, carbine in his hands, a tear on his cheek rather than some “less sad secretion” otherwhere.


Eight Iron Men

How to get a medal in the war. It takes some doing, after some talk and red tape, lobbing ‘em in, pulling back and so forth, you put a pineapple in the slit and bring the slob home.

It was a play at some point, Dmytryk doesn’t say how.

“A dismally meretricious thing,” said Bosley Crowther.


The Juggler

Carpenters, plumbers, they have jobs in Israel.

He all but kills a Haifa policeman, psychotic since the Nazis, at times.

Formerly a star at the London Palladium and elsewhere, a refugee.

The theme of artistic invincibility is also in Russell’s Dance of the Seven Veils.

The back page of the newspaper stays burnt despite the abracadabra, at the same time on a kibbutz the cows come home.

“If all the old men could hire young men to die for them, a young man could make a very nice living.” Also, “hope is a naughty word these days.”

Kirk Douglas juggles and clowns, his entrance pratfall is Lon Chaney’s in Laugh, Clown, Laugh (dir. Herbert Brenon), among other things.

In the end, one is at home, despite all appearances to the contrary.

Bosley Crowther asked, “what’s such a handsome girl doing unmarried on a community farm?” He could supply no answer, the film “may not be consistent dramatically.”

Filmed on location in town and country (Nazareth, Galilee). The basis of the screenplay is Capra’s Meet John Doe as much as anything else.

“Well-meaning”, Halliwell’s Film Guide thinks.


The Caine Mutiny

To put your oar in is the main subject as it pertains to a naval captain’s reliance on his officers, without which he becomes isolated and ineffective.

Despite the clarity of Dmytryk’s telling, the film is variously misunderstood as structurally inept (New York Times) or thematically jejune (Time Out Film Guide).


Broken Lance

Variety lamented an “unnecessary flashback”. A man serves his three-year term in state prison out West, leaves bitterly and is escorted to the governor, who with the man’s brothers has a lucrative deal for him to leave the state. The man tosses the money in a spittoon and rides home to see the place a dusty ruin. Here the flashback commences.

A requiem for the West or a long overture to a little theme announced earlier. The New York Times’ A.W. agreed with Variety and furthermore considered that “Jean Peters, as the Governor’s daughter, is decorative but hardly the frontier type.”

The major structural point to be observed is a relationship to The Caine Mutiny.


The End of the Affair

Obsession (The Hidden Room), this time under the auspices of Graham Greene. The doodlebug is God’s thunderbolt (cf. Eliot’s “flame of incandescent terror”), a private dick is put on the dame after the war, one Savage at 159 Vigo Street.

The civil servant’s wife, an English wife.

The end of the affair is Losey’s Secret Ceremony.

Bosley Crowther of the New York Times, “if you ask us... the story just is not articulate.”

Boxoffice, “reflects an intelligent grasp of the subject at hand.”

The Catholic News Service Media Review Office, “uneven... only intermittently convincing... disappointingly melodramatic.”

Leonard Maltin, “loses much in screen version.”

Halliwell’s Film Guide, “glum sinning in Greeneland; over-ambitious, miscast, and poor-looking.”

Lenore Coffee screenplay, Wilkie Cooper cinematography, Benjamin Frankel score, Alan Hume cameraman.

There is subsequently Fellini’s Giulietta degli spiriti (also Billy Wilder’s Love in the Afternoon for the detective, a family man).

Pinter’s The Homecoming (dir. Peter Hall) is another statement of the theme.


Soldier of Fortune

Stravinsky was stopped on a border in World War I, he was carrying maps of military installations.

Those were Picasso’s portraits of him, drawings.

A sad little story out of Hong Kong, but you have to climb mountains to find it.

Mrs. America goes to find her husband, a journalist. The British are no help, there’s an American smuggler.

The far end of the Pacific war comes down to this.

Bosley Crowther was entirely mystified in the New York Times.


The Left Hand of God

The priest who is not a priest, his dice-throws save the people from a Chinese warlord.

This fine anagram went rather by the boards with Bosley Crowther, it simply didn’t add up in his New York Times review, the plausibilities and the fictions wouldn’t jibe.


The Mountain

The wreck of a jetliner, attempt at rescue, a looting party, rescue of a survivor.

Supremely well-filmed until Dmytryk lets it go just before the end, because he has the bigger fish of a surprising confession to fry, and thus a saving work beyond its supreme analysis.

An agonizing climb up the south face of Mont Blanc, a true piece of mountaineering.

Eastwood picks up the filming in The Eiger Sanction, Zinnemann the theme in Five Days One Summer, but it is all one.

Bosley Crowther of the New York Times, “flimsy and hard to take... of little account.”

The Catholic News Service Media Review Office, “unconvincing... makes no sense”.

Leonard Maltin, “turgid”.

TV Guide, “a mistake.”

Hal Erickson (Rovi), “compromised”.

Halliwell’s Film Guide, “an indeterminate production”.


Raintree County

If the antebellum South is described as Gone with the Wind, the North is evoked as a tree firmly planted. Or, as Prof. Stiles might say, “a very vast idea of the South, more arduous than Jezebel, which might be said to sweep like Sherman to the sea and there find Daphne quite transformed.”

Somewhere in the swamps round about Freehaven, Indiana (Prof. Stiles explains) a single seed of the rain tree (indigenous to China) was planted at the time of Johnny Appleseed, and whosoever finds the tree will be endowed with “the secret of life.” His pupil John Shawnessy expands, “it opens all locks, heals all wounds.”

Young Shawnessy is an admirer of Byron. After winning a foot race, he is seen at a picnic wearing a laurel wreath and playing a reed pipe. These early, youthful scenes are often formed on Impressionist models, tempered by Eakins and Homer.

The crux of Show Boat is introduced with dramatic fervor. “Lincoln has Negro blood in him,” says Mrs. Shawnessy. Indianapolis is described as “a Copperhead town.” The quest for the rain tree is delayed as “much too perilous a business.” Shawnessy joins the war to retrieve his wife and son. The Union must be preserved.

Some controversy attaches to the screenplay, which is complained of as being not like the novel. To this day, it is necessary to point out to some in the audience that they’re watching a movie. In addition, and most obnoxiously, one must be told about Montgomery Clift’s accident. One is, to the contrary, amazed by Clift’s performance throughout, and no impairment is noticeable. Finally, and with characteristic self-deprecation, Elizabeth Taylor speaks disparagingly of her performance as “chewing the scenery.” Lucky scenery, and perhaps a tinge of complaint against Dmytryk for the intensity of the recital on the bed. Clift’s attention paid is a model for Alan Bates’ (to Janet Suzman) in A Day in the Death of Joe Egg (dir. Peter Medak).

There is an unmistakable influence on Lean’s Doctor Zhivago and elsewhere. There is a report that top critics maligned the film as beyond contempt. It is beyond criticism. The pan-and-scan version is as incommodious as that of Ryan’s Daughter.


The Young Lions

The German officer who is gradually and completely disillusioned by the war.

The crooner who goes into Special Services and finally requests action in Normandy.

The intellectual (he’s reading Ulysses) who marries and goes overseas in the draft.

The second kills the first, both have in common an acquaintance so hep she goes to serve in the Office of War Information.

The main objection of critics was the characterization of the first, “not like the book”.



An ultrafine essential Western on the outlaw and the gunfighter and the lawman, better still the criminal and the private operator or contract employee and the servant of the law.

If critics had not blinked and yawned, they would not have been so amazed by Henry Fonda’s performance in Leone’s Once Upon a Time in the West (there is also Vincent McEveety’s Firecreek).

The beautifully rigorous analysis was lost on them, however, with all its overtones. Directors from Ford to Eastwood noted it, with its conscious debt to My Darling Clementine.


Walk on the Wild Side

Dialogue between artist and client in a New Orleans brothel.

“Did you buy me that Brancusi?”

“Nobody every heard of him. I asked the whole City Hall.”

“He’s a sculptor, darling. Like Michelangelo, Maillol, Rodin, and me.”

“Last time you told me you wrote poetry.”

“No, I just echo it. I’m a sculptress, or rather I used to be, before I fell down the well.”

Hosea and T.S. Eliot are called into play before Dmytryk is finished with his map of the affections, the lay of the land.

“It is incredible that anything as foolish would be made in this day and age” (Bosley Crowther, New York Times, same day he dismissed Leo McCarey’s Satan Never Sleeps).

“A somewhat watered-downing” (Variety).

Time Out Film Guide follows Halliwell in thinking Saul Bass has the best of it.

Gene Kelly’s The Cheyenne Social Club and Louis Malle’s Pretty Baby take note.


The Reluctant Saint

He rides into the priesthood on Buridan’s ass like the Great Cham on Bishop Berkeley, Kershner depicts his travails in A Fine Madness, so to speak.

Joseph of Cupertino, his life and works, an edifying tale of Christian moral doctrine.

Ashby appears to draw from it in Being There, the source and wellspring is assuredly Curtiz’ film on the founder of the order, Francis of Assisi.

TV Guide saw “the village idiot who becomes a saint... but the stereotyped performances, unbelievable settings, and lifeless direction hurt whatever promises are inherent in the material.”

Tracie Cooper (Rovi) has rather “mentally challenged.”

Score by Nino Rota, cinematography by Pennington Richards.


The Carpetbaggers

The fabric of the film is made of ceaseless activity on certain models that are conceivable as symbols only, that is for ease of composition and clarity, they are all transmuted in the course of it. There is the one sturdy absolute revelation of “incurable insanity” (Pauline Kael calls this “pop psychology”) on which the whole thing pivots, that is the entire lesson of action motivated by fear.

Critics have always held a different view. Crowther is notably in error regarding George Peppard’s performance as “expressionless, murky and dull”.

The classic joke is that the valet is in on the secret, then the wife.


Where Love Has Gone

A surrealistic examination of the architect as entertainer of rich clients in a parent firm, then as a partner in civic planning, finally with an understanding of the mysteries.

The terrible difficulty of this left Crowther fuming with rage.



One of the great hallucinations on the screen, like being knocked unconscious and remembering yourself by fits and starts. The structure is most complicated. A witty, pointed radio script, cinematically aligned to a film noir style, the homage (scrupulous, unbending) to Hitchcock, all to house a somewhat difficult utterance. The analogy of poetic construction is usefully applied throughout in rhymes, internal rhymes, assonances, etc. David Stillwell (Gregory Peck) meets a girl (Diane Baker) on the stairwell during a blackout, but the sub-basements turn up missing.

It’s memory he’s wanting. In a bookstore window he’s struck by two books, The Peace Scare and The Dark Side of the Mind. He buys a copy of the latter, goes to see the author, a prominent psychiatrist, using a footnote as a reference. “You were referred by a dead man,” says the genius (Robert H. Harris). Amnesia doesn’t last two years, he explains, two days maybe, and throws Stillwell out.

Our man now follows on the heels of Mr. Arkadin by hiring a private detective (Walter Matthau), whose first case this is, to trace his own identity. As they descend a plaza escalator, the camera on the next one descends with them. At Stillwell’s apartment, the refrigerator is full, though it was empty before. The closet is empty. “Brownies” are proffered in explanation.

They go together to Stillwell’s office, which doesn’t exist, and pass in the corridor the office of Charles S. Calvin, Attorney-at-Law, who fell to his death during the blackout. They examine the stairwell.

A brutal, bespectacled thug (George Kennedy) is after Stillwell, who emerges from the ruckus with a key and a keychain bearing the image of the Western Hemisphere and a motto, THE FUTURE IS HERE. This is the company motto of Unidyne, Stillwell is a cost accountant. The trouble is, he says, “I don’t know what a cost accountant does.” The desk security man knows him, the man with the funny name, Joe Turtle, it’s off to his apartment. Turtle’s dead, another thug (Jack Weston) thrusts a bloody pistol into Stillwell’s hand. “Better take this, you might need it.”

The girl in the talkative stairwell is confronted with the deed, “a portrait of the man you work for... you know the artist by his work.” She says “there was nothing I could do to stop it.”

To avoid the police, they duck into a neighbor’s apartment. No-one’s at home except a little girl, who serves them imaginary coffee. “Where did you learn to make such good coffee?”, they ask. “Television,” she tells them. “It’s coffier coffee,” they agree.

Dmytryk is just getting warmed up with this dense situation, which is itself in counterpoint to Stillwell’s reviving memory, introduced as unprepared inserts or cutaways, the unprepared flashback.

He tells the detective he works for the Garrison Company, but none exists. There is a Garrison Laboratories in the Capra-sounding town of Brewster, California, run by Charles Calvin’s peace foundation.

Josephson (Kevin McCarthy) rears his head, a work chum, formerly head of the physiochemistry department at Unidyne. And all the while Stillwell is struggling to recover his past, the girl from the stairwell (who evidently knows him somehow) claims his future. “Promise you’ll love me, David, promise me.”

Two hoods from “the Major” make a play, Stillwell grabs one, threatens to kill him. “I’ll save you the trouble,” says the other, pulling a silenced trigger.

Now you have the idea, this is very close in style and substance to Seven Days in May, North by Northwest, The Big Sleep, Charade, Three Days of the Condor, etc. Dmytryk is now ready to begin in earnest.

Stillwell pursues his investigation, but finds an old derelict blocking his progress up the steps of a building. After hearing the old man’s harangue, Stillwell retorts upon him, “I didn’t ask for your references, all I want is for you to move.”

He finds the detective murdered, and smashes up the room in his frustration like Kane. The old man turns up spruce with a gun in his pocket. Stillwell makes his escape by conversing with a dendrologist about the gingko amidst a juvenile field trip to Central Park.

Josephson, the office chum, accosts him there, what they want is on a piece of paper Stillwell must have upon his person. “What if it’s not in my pockets?”, asks Stillwell, not knowing what it is. “You’re all alone, David,” Josephson says, “there’s nowhere for you to go.” The old man appears, and one of the thugs. The old man is run over, Stillwell escapes, amid returning memories of a conversation with Calvin in the country somewhere out West, to the psychiatrist’s office again, where he is told “a doctor can’t afford to stop at a street accident anymore.”

This is The 39 Steps, of course, and Spellbound, much changed. Now the beans are spilled. Garrison Laboratories is a radiation lab, most of it underground. “I’m a physiochemist,” Stillwell remembers, who worked on level SUB 4, and before that at Unidyne. The psychiatrist describes amnesia as “putting a bandage on a bruised toe,” and adds, strangely, “these are strange times.” Stillwell exits with a curse on his lips.

CHARLES CALVIN IS BURIED, reads the front page headline. He fell 27 floors from his New York office.

The Major (Leif Erickson) is the head of Unidyne. Calvin’s peace foundation was only a front to house top scientists working on ways to neutralize atomic radiation for ostensibly peaceful uses. Stillwell found a formula, went to New York, learned Calvin’s secret, set the paper on fire rather than see it fall into the hands of the Major for military use. Calvin clutched at it, went out the window by misadventure. A clean bomb would cut down the overhead in human statistics, says the self-described “cost accountant”.

The girl in the stairwell shoots the gun-wielding thug, Josephson grabs it. Stillwell persuades him, against blandishments of security and wealth, to call the cops.

“I believed in Charles Calvin so much,” Stillwell avows, “I forgot he was only a human being.” “Help me, David,” says the girl, “please help me.” He replies, “We’ll help each other. That’s really what it’s all about anyway.”

Or, as Benjamin Franklin put it, “we must hang together, or hang separately, surely.”


Alvarez Kelly

The Irish señor is roped into the cattle raid on Grant so much admired by Abe Lincoln.

There’s a whole story here about the South after years of war, the kind of man Kelly is, and the one good raid that feeds the Rebs for a time. All of it is very mysterious and abstracted, as well it might be.

“Script problems” are often cited in reviews of Alvarez Kelly, it’s not so simple as that, when you look at it.



A very grueling précis of the war “from China to Italy”. The antagonists are Field Marshal Kesselring and an Official War Correspondent named Ennis.

The battle is understood in its effects as the long descriptive middle section, a succession of images, and in its causes as an outer framing device of question and answer, symmetrically.

The inner structure sees the unopposed landing, the short ride to Rome, the disaster of the Rangers ambushed, the construction of the Caesar Line with minefields and heavy fortifications, the farmhouse of a forced laborer, and snipers on the rise.

Recklessness precedes the landing, timidity accounts for the failure, the corruption of contact with the enemy is the essential reason for an almost feminine submissiveness to Kesselring’s absent response.

Dmytryk’s masterpiece was generally trounced in reviews. Vincent Canby (New York Times) dismissed its “fatuousness”, Variety its “banality.” Roger Ebert (Chicago Sun-Times) saw the film and found it praiseworthy, Tom Milne (Time Out Film Guide) has “run-of-the-mill”.

“Threadbare” is Halliwell’s Film Guide’s assessment, giving the Monthly Film Bulletin on “crassly portentous statements” as well.



It’s a rough rhyme for calico, has a meaning in Zuni Indian, and replaces Moses Zebulon as a convenient moniker.

Renata Adler of the New York Times found it an agreeable Western, but sitting as she tells us in the front row of a crowded theater, fell under the impression that Stephen Boyd was playing an Andy Devine character, as she puts it.

Thus the critical spectrum.

Carl Sandburg would have loved Alexander Knox’s story of Lincoln’s first vice-president.

Honor Blackman goes one better than Tallulah Bankhead in Lifeboat.

Peter van Eyck has the difficult role of a man who is always wrong and rises above it.

Brigitte Bardot hides behind makeup as a lady of the time, and emerges from it in two very pretty love scenes.

Sean Connery is a great Western star in this, and no mistake.

European aristocrats and an American senator out West for a spot of hunting (Dmytryk’s unforgettable studies of a mountain lion) are bamboozled by outlaws and beset by Apaches.

Dmytryk’s performances are typically structural, thus a reviewer cites Bogart in The Caine Mutiny as “tired and lacking charisma” without noticing that’s the point, Captain Queeg is battle-weary and without charm. In Shalako, the acting is top of the line and then some, Dmytryk’s art in this respect can be admired somewhat more freely.

But it failed at the box office, and he disavowed it precisely as Hitchcock would have done.

“It’s only humiliation,” as Judy Holliday said about auditions.



The proto-Nazi baron is a World War One ace shot down by the Russians. His impotence stems not from the injury that scarred his face and altered his beard, but from a crippling devotion to his late mother.

The vexatiousness of women is exposed to a mortal degree in his various brides, he has no answer but to kill them.

A takeoff from Hitchcock’s Psycho.

Ebert bemoaned, incredibly, “the sad disintegration of Richard Burton’s acting career.”


The “Human” Factor

A front of the Cold War, NATO Southern Europe, Naples.

Friedkin picks up a major theme for The Guardian (deadly hired help) and a major indication for Jade (the stalled car chase through Rome).

A.H. Weiler of the New York Times, “improbable and gory”.

The Catholic News Service Media Review Office pronounces the work “morally offensive”.

Time Out, “this movie achieves a certain bulky conviction of its own.”

The score with its homage to Maurice Jarre is one of Morricone’s most beautiful.